人教pep小学五年级下册英语阅读试题及答案及答案解析

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小学5年级下册英语试题


人教pep小学五年级下册英语阅读试题及答案及答案解析


一、阅读理解
1.阅读理解阅读短文,判断下列句子与短文内容是否相符

Today is Daming's birthday. Jim is going to make a birthday card for him. Jim's mum is at the
supermarket. She's buying things for the party. But bags are too heavy. There is a birthday cake.
There is a special gift for Darning. The gift is three balloons. They say Birthday,
Darning!

(1)Darning will say

(2)Jim's present will be a birthday card.

(3)Mum is going to the bookstore and buy a book.

(4)Dancing will get a special gift from Jim's mother.

(5)They will be very happy today.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了大明的生日那天,吉姆打算做一张生日卡,吉姆的妈
妈在超市,买了一个特殊的礼物送给大明,他们会有一个很棒的聚会。

(1)句意:大明会说“生日快乐!”给吉姆。根据 They say Birthday, Darming!可
知大明过生日,应对大明说生日快乐,故答案为错误。

(2)句意:吉姆的礼物是一张生日卡。根据 Jim is going to make a birthday card for him. 可
知吉姆的礼物是一张生日卡,故答案为正确。

(3)句意:妈妈要去书店买本书。根据Jim's mum is at the supermarket. She's buying things
for the party. 可知吉姆的妈妈超市,故答案为错误。

(4)句意:大明会得到吉姆母亲的特别礼物。根据There is a special gift for Darming.可知
大明会得到吉姆母亲的特别礼物,故答案为正确。

(5)句意:他们今天会很高兴的。根据 Darting will have a great party. 可知他们今天会很
高兴的,故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




2.阅读理解阅读短文,判断下列句子正误。

There are four people in Sam's family. They are Father, Mother, Lily and Sam. Next Sunday
they will have a holiday. Sam's father wants to see the Great Wall. But his mother wants to go
swimming in Qingdao. Sam and Lily are pupils. Lily wants to do her homework at home. What
about Sam? He wants to see the Sea World in Sanya. They don't know where they are going.

(1)There are five people in Sam's family.

(2)Sam's father wants to see the Great Wall.


(3)Sam's mother wants to go swimming in Sanya.

(4)Lily wants to see the Sea World in Sanya.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)0

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了山姆一家人4口人,每人都想要去自己想要地方旅
游。

(1)句意:山姆家有五口人。根据 There are four people in Sam's family. 可知山姆家里有四
个人,故答案为错误。

(2)句意:山姆的父亲想去看长城。根据 Sam's father wants to see the Great Wall. 可知山
姆的父亲想去看长城,故答案为正确。

(3)句意:山姆的妈妈想去三亚游泳。根据 But his mother wants to go swimming in
Qingdao. 可知山姆的妈妈想去青岛游泳,故答案为错误。

(4)句意:莉莉想去三亚看海洋世界。根据 Lily wants to do her homework at home. 可知莉
莉想在家做家庭作业,故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。


3.阅读理解阅读理解,判断正误

Mike eats breakfast five times a week . He doesn't eat breakfast on Saturday and Sunday . He
washes the dishes twice a week . He washes them on Saturday and Sunday . He waters the plants
four times a week . He doesn't water them on Monday , Wednesday and Friday . He always sets
the table . He sets the table from Sunday to Saturday . He washes his dog once a week . He washes
it only on Saturday . He goes swimming twelve times a month . He swims on Monday ,
Wednesday and Friday . But he never cleans his room .

(1)Mike eats breakfast four times a week .

(2)Mike washes the dishes twice a week .

(3)Mike waters the plants five times a week .

(4)Mike always sets the table .

(5)Mike goes swimming ten times a month .

【答案】(1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:讲述麦克的一周活动。

(1)根据 Mike eats breakfast five times a week可知麦克一周吃五次早餐。与题干信息four
times四次不符合。故选错误。

(2)根据He washes the dishes twice a week可知麦克一周洗碗两次。与题干信息符合。故
选正确。


(3)根据He waters the plants four times a week可知主人公麦克一周浇水四次。与题干信息
five times五次不符合。故选错误。

(4)根据He always sets the table麦克经常放桌子可知,与题干信息符合。故选正确。

(5)根据He goes swimming twelve times a month麦克一个月游泳12次可知,与题干信息
ten times十次不符。故选错误。

【点评】考查阅读理解。首先通读全文,理解大意。其次阅读问题,根据题干信息找出相
关句进行判断。


4.阅读理解阅读判断。 Mr and Mrs Smith live in China. They are from England. Mr Smith
was a teacher many years ago. He taught English. But now he doesn't work. Mrs Smith was a
dancer. She danced very well. She is retired(退休了),too. She can make cakes. Yesterday she
made a cake.

(1)Mr and Mrs Smith live in England.

(2)Mr Smith taught English many years ago.

(3)Mrs Smith was a teacher,too.

(4)Mrs Smith can make cakes.

(5)Mr Smith still works now.

【答案】(1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:介绍史密斯夫妇的国籍,职业和日常生活。

(1)根据 Mr and Mrs Smith live in China.可知,史密斯夫妇居住在中国,不是在英国。与
题干句意是史密斯居住在英国不符合。故选错误。

(2)根据 Mr Smith was a teacher many years ago. He taught English.可知,史密斯先生许多
年确实是名教英语的老师。与题干句意许多年之前,史密斯先生确实教英语符合。故选正
确。

(3)根据 Mrs Smith was a dancer.可知,史密斯女士是一名舞蹈家。与题干句意史密斯女
士也是一名老师不符合。故选错误。

(4)根据She can make cakes.可知,史密斯女士会做蛋糕。与题干句意她会做蛋糕符合。
故选正确。

(5)根据But now he doesn't work. 可知,史密斯现在不工作。与题干句意史密斯现在仍然
工作事实不符合。故选错误。

【点评】考查阅读理解。首先通读全文,理解大意。其次阅读问题,根据题干信息寻找相
关句子进而进行正确的判断。


5.阅读理解阅读判断。 Today is 's a nice students are in the nature
is drawing is playing with work is listening to


Peng and John are flying and Chen Jie are eating ,please keep
the ground Yifan and Robin are speaking 're talking boys are
playing the White tells them to take 're having a good time.

(1)Ann is drawing pictures.

(2)Lily is playing with Mike.

(3)Amy and Chen Jie should(应该) keep the ground clean.

(4)Wu Yifan and Robin are talking quietly.

(5)Some boys should take turns to play the toys.

【答案】(1)1

(2)0

(3)1

(4)1

(5)1

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文主要介绍星期六同学们去自然公园游玩,每个同学都在
做不同的事。

(1)原句判断,根据Ann is drawing pictures.知安妮在画画,故答案为正确。

(2)根据Lily is playing with Lucy.知莉莉在和露西玩,故答案为错误。

(3)推理判断,根据Amy and Chen Jie are eating ,please keep the ground clean.知
艾米和陈洁在吃东西,所以要他们保持操场整洁,故答案为正确。

(4)根据Wu Yifan and Robin are speaking 're talking quietly.知吴亦凡和正在静
静的交谈,故答案为正确。

(5)根据Some boys are playing the White tells them to take turns.知男孩们需要按
顺序玩玩具,故答案为正确。

【点评】考查阅读理解,首先浏览文章大意,再根据问题通读文章,在原文找到句子对比
判断。




6.阅读理解读短文,判断下列句子是否正确。

Welcome to my room. It's small but nice. There is a clock on the wall. There is a bike near the
wall. There is a bed near the window. There are two desks and chairs beside the bed. There is a
water bottle in the room. There is a plant near the door. I like my room very much.

(1)My room isn't big.

(2)There is a bike near the window.

(3)The desks and chairs are beside the bed.

(4)There is a water bottle in the kitchen.

(5)There is a plant in front of the door.

【答案】 (1)1

(2)0

(3)1


(4)0

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了我的房间的样子。

(1)句意:我的房间不大。根据 Welcome to my room. It's small but nice. 可知我的房间不
大。故答案为正确。

(2)句意:窗户附近有一辆自行车。根据 There is a bike near the wall. 可知墙附近有一辆
自行车。故答案为错误。

(3)句意:桌椅在床旁边。根据 There are two desks and chairs beside the bed. 可知桌椅在
床旁边。故答案为正确。

(4)句意:厨房里有一个水瓶。根据 There is a water bottle in the room. 可知房间里有一个
水瓶。故答案为错误。

(5)句意:门前有一棵植物。根据 There is a plant near the door. 可知门附近有一棵植物。
故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




7.阅读理解读对话,判断下列句子是否正确。

Sarah: Can you do any kung fu, John?

John: No, I can't.

Sarah: Can you make a puppet, John?

John: Sorry, I can't.

Sarah: Can you sing any Chinese songs, John?

John: No, I can't.

Sarah: What can you do, John?

John: I can speak English and sing English songs.

(1)John can do some kung fu.

(2)John can sing English songs.

(3)John can make a puppet.

(4)John can speak English.

(5)John can sing some Chinese songs.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:莎拉询问约翰是否会做某事。

(1)句意:约翰会功夫。根据Sarah: Can you do any kung fu, John?John: No, I can't.可知约
翰不会功夫。故答案为错误。

(2)句意:约翰会唱英文歌。根据 John: I can speak English and sing English songs. 可知约
翰会唱英文歌。故答案为正确。


(3)句意:约翰会做木偶。根据Sarah: Can you make a puppet, John?John: Sorry, I can't.可
知约翰不会做木偶。故答案为错误。

(4)句意:约翰会说英语。根据 John: I can speak English and sing English songs. 可知约翰
会说英语。故答案为正确。

(5)句意:约翰会唱一些中国歌曲。根据Sarah: Can you sing any Chinese songs, John?John:
No, I can't.可知约翰不会唱一些中国歌曲。故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译对话,然后根据对话内容,判断句子正确或错误。




8.阅读理解读对话,判断下列句子是否正确。

Amy: We will have a new English teacher today.

John: Really? Who's our new English teacher?

Amy: Miss White.

John: What's she like?

Amy: She's young and polite. She's very pretty.

John: Is she strict?

Amy: Sometimes. But she's friendly.

Jon: It's time for the English class. Let's go to the classroom.

Amy: OK

(1)Amy will have a new English teacher today.

(2)Miss White is John's Chinese teacher.

(3)Miss White is friendly.

(4)It's time for the English class.

(5)John is young and polite.

【答案】 (1)1

(2)0

(3)1

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:艾米和约翰谈论新英语老师的样子。

(1)句意:艾米今天将有一位新的英语老师。根据 Amy: We will have a new English
teacher today. 可知艾米今天将有一位新的英语老师。故答案为正确。

(2)句意:怀特老师是约翰的语文老师。根据John: Really? Who's our new English
teacher?Amy: Miss White.可知怀特老师是约翰的英语老师。故答案为错误。

(3)句意:怀特老师很友好。根据 Amy: She's young and polite. She's very pretty. 可知怀特
老师很友好。故答案为正确。

(4)句意:是上英语课的时间了。根据 Jon: It's time for the English class. Let's go to the
classroom. 可知是上英语课的时间了。故答案为正确。

(5)句意:约翰年轻有礼貌。根据对话可知没有提到约翰的样子。故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。






人教pep小学五年级下册英语阅读试题及答案及答案解析


一、阅读理解
1.阅读理解阅读短文,判断下列句子与短文内容是否相符

Today is Daming's birthday. Jim is going to make a birthday card for him. Jim's mum is at the
supermarket. She's buying things for the party. But bags are too heavy. There is a birthday cake.
There is a special gift for Darning. The gift is three balloons. They say Birthday,
Darning!

(1)Darning will say

(2)Jim's present will be a birthday card.

(3)Mum is going to the bookstore and buy a book.

(4)Dancing will get a special gift from Jim's mother.

(5)They will be very happy today.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了大明的生日那天,吉姆打算做一张生日卡,吉姆的妈
妈在超市,买了一个特殊的礼物送给大明,他们会有一个很棒的聚会。

(1)句意:大明会说“生日快乐!”给吉姆。根据 They say Birthday, Darming!可
知大明过生日,应对大明说生日快乐,故答案为错误。

(2)句意:吉姆的礼物是一张生日卡。根据 Jim is going to make a birthday card for him. 可
知吉姆的礼物是一张生日卡,故答案为正确。

(3)句意:妈妈要去书店买本书。根据Jim's mum is at the supermarket. She's buying things
for the party. 可知吉姆的妈妈超市,故答案为错误。

(4)句意:大明会得到吉姆母亲的特别礼物。根据There is a special gift for Darming.可知
大明会得到吉姆母亲的特别礼物,故答案为正确。

(5)句意:他们今天会很高兴的。根据 Darting will have a great party. 可知他们今天会很
高兴的,故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




2.阅读理解阅读短文,判断下列句子正误。

There are four people in Sam's family. They are Father, Mother, Lily and Sam. Next Sunday
they will have a holiday. Sam's father wants to see the Great Wall. But his mother wants to go
swimming in Qingdao. Sam and Lily are pupils. Lily wants to do her homework at home. What
about Sam? He wants to see the Sea World in Sanya. They don't know where they are going.

(1)There are five people in Sam's family.

(2)Sam's father wants to see the Great Wall.


(3)Sam's mother wants to go swimming in Sanya.

(4)Lily wants to see the Sea World in Sanya.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)0

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了山姆一家人4口人,每人都想要去自己想要地方旅
游。

(1)句意:山姆家有五口人。根据 There are four people in Sam's family. 可知山姆家里有四
个人,故答案为错误。

(2)句意:山姆的父亲想去看长城。根据 Sam's father wants to see the Great Wall. 可知山
姆的父亲想去看长城,故答案为正确。

(3)句意:山姆的妈妈想去三亚游泳。根据 But his mother wants to go swimming in
Qingdao. 可知山姆的妈妈想去青岛游泳,故答案为错误。

(4)句意:莉莉想去三亚看海洋世界。根据 Lily wants to do her homework at home. 可知莉
莉想在家做家庭作业,故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。


3.阅读理解阅读理解,判断正误

Mike eats breakfast five times a week . He doesn't eat breakfast on Saturday and Sunday . He
washes the dishes twice a week . He washes them on Saturday and Sunday . He waters the plants
four times a week . He doesn't water them on Monday , Wednesday and Friday . He always sets
the table . He sets the table from Sunday to Saturday . He washes his dog once a week . He washes
it only on Saturday . He goes swimming twelve times a month . He swims on Monday ,
Wednesday and Friday . But he never cleans his room .

(1)Mike eats breakfast four times a week .

(2)Mike washes the dishes twice a week .

(3)Mike waters the plants five times a week .

(4)Mike always sets the table .

(5)Mike goes swimming ten times a month .

【答案】(1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:讲述麦克的一周活动。

(1)根据 Mike eats breakfast five times a week可知麦克一周吃五次早餐。与题干信息four
times四次不符合。故选错误。

(2)根据He washes the dishes twice a week可知麦克一周洗碗两次。与题干信息符合。故
选正确。


(3)根据He waters the plants four times a week可知主人公麦克一周浇水四次。与题干信息
five times五次不符合。故选错误。

(4)根据He always sets the table麦克经常放桌子可知,与题干信息符合。故选正确。

(5)根据He goes swimming twelve times a month麦克一个月游泳12次可知,与题干信息
ten times十次不符。故选错误。

【点评】考查阅读理解。首先通读全文,理解大意。其次阅读问题,根据题干信息找出相
关句进行判断。


4.阅读理解阅读判断。 Mr and Mrs Smith live in China. They are from England. Mr Smith
was a teacher many years ago. He taught English. But now he doesn't work. Mrs Smith was a
dancer. She danced very well. She is retired(退休了),too. She can make cakes. Yesterday she
made a cake.

(1)Mr and Mrs Smith live in England.

(2)Mr Smith taught English many years ago.

(3)Mrs Smith was a teacher,too.

(4)Mrs Smith can make cakes.

(5)Mr Smith still works now.

【答案】(1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:介绍史密斯夫妇的国籍,职业和日常生活。

(1)根据 Mr and Mrs Smith live in China.可知,史密斯夫妇居住在中国,不是在英国。与
题干句意是史密斯居住在英国不符合。故选错误。

(2)根据 Mr Smith was a teacher many years ago. He taught English.可知,史密斯先生许多
年确实是名教英语的老师。与题干句意许多年之前,史密斯先生确实教英语符合。故选正
确。

(3)根据 Mrs Smith was a dancer.可知,史密斯女士是一名舞蹈家。与题干句意史密斯女
士也是一名老师不符合。故选错误。

(4)根据She can make cakes.可知,史密斯女士会做蛋糕。与题干句意她会做蛋糕符合。
故选正确。

(5)根据But now he doesn't work. 可知,史密斯现在不工作。与题干句意史密斯现在仍然
工作事实不符合。故选错误。

【点评】考查阅读理解。首先通读全文,理解大意。其次阅读问题,根据题干信息寻找相
关句子进而进行正确的判断。


5.阅读理解阅读判断。 Today is 's a nice students are in the nature
is drawing is playing with work is listening to


Peng and John are flying and Chen Jie are eating ,please keep
the ground Yifan and Robin are speaking 're talking boys are
playing the White tells them to take 're having a good time.

(1)Ann is drawing pictures.

(2)Lily is playing with Mike.

(3)Amy and Chen Jie should(应该) keep the ground clean.

(4)Wu Yifan and Robin are talking quietly.

(5)Some boys should take turns to play the toys.

【答案】(1)1

(2)0

(3)1

(4)1

(5)1

【解析】【分析】文章大意:本文主要介绍星期六同学们去自然公园游玩,每个同学都在
做不同的事。

(1)原句判断,根据Ann is drawing pictures.知安妮在画画,故答案为正确。

(2)根据Lily is playing with Lucy.知莉莉在和露西玩,故答案为错误。

(3)推理判断,根据Amy and Chen Jie are eating ,please keep the ground clean.知
艾米和陈洁在吃东西,所以要他们保持操场整洁,故答案为正确。

(4)根据Wu Yifan and Robin are speaking 're talking quietly.知吴亦凡和正在静
静的交谈,故答案为正确。

(5)根据Some boys are playing the White tells them to take turns.知男孩们需要按
顺序玩玩具,故答案为正确。

【点评】考查阅读理解,首先浏览文章大意,再根据问题通读文章,在原文找到句子对比
判断。




6.阅读理解读短文,判断下列句子是否正确。

Welcome to my room. It's small but nice. There is a clock on the wall. There is a bike near the
wall. There is a bed near the window. There are two desks and chairs beside the bed. There is a
water bottle in the room. There is a plant near the door. I like my room very much.

(1)My room isn't big.

(2)There is a bike near the window.

(3)The desks and chairs are beside the bed.

(4)There is a water bottle in the kitchen.

(5)There is a plant in front of the door.

【答案】 (1)1

(2)0

(3)1


(4)0

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了我的房间的样子。

(1)句意:我的房间不大。根据 Welcome to my room. It's small but nice. 可知我的房间不
大。故答案为正确。

(2)句意:窗户附近有一辆自行车。根据 There is a bike near the wall. 可知墙附近有一辆
自行车。故答案为错误。

(3)句意:桌椅在床旁边。根据 There are two desks and chairs beside the bed. 可知桌椅在
床旁边。故答案为正确。

(4)句意:厨房里有一个水瓶。根据 There is a water bottle in the room. 可知房间里有一个
水瓶。故答案为错误。

(5)句意:门前有一棵植物。根据 There is a plant near the door. 可知门附近有一棵植物。
故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




7.阅读理解读对话,判断下列句子是否正确。

Sarah: Can you do any kung fu, John?

John: No, I can't.

Sarah: Can you make a puppet, John?

John: Sorry, I can't.

Sarah: Can you sing any Chinese songs, John?

John: No, I can't.

Sarah: What can you do, John?

John: I can speak English and sing English songs.

(1)John can do some kung fu.

(2)John can sing English songs.

(3)John can make a puppet.

(4)John can speak English.

(5)John can sing some Chinese songs.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:莎拉询问约翰是否会做某事。

(1)句意:约翰会功夫。根据Sarah: Can you do any kung fu, John?John: No, I can't.可知约
翰不会功夫。故答案为错误。

(2)句意:约翰会唱英文歌。根据 John: I can speak English and sing English songs. 可知约
翰会唱英文歌。故答案为正确。


(3)句意:约翰会做木偶。根据Sarah: Can you make a puppet, John?John: Sorry, I can't.可
知约翰不会做木偶。故答案为错误。

(4)句意:约翰会说英语。根据 John: I can speak English and sing English songs. 可知约翰
会说英语。故答案为正确。

(5)句意:约翰会唱一些中国歌曲。根据Sarah: Can you sing any Chinese songs, John?John:
No, I can't.可知约翰不会唱一些中国歌曲。故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译对话,然后根据对话内容,判断句子正确或错误。




8.阅读理解读对话,判断下列句子是否正确。

Amy: We will have a new English teacher today.

John: Really? Who's our new English teacher?

Amy: Miss White.

John: What's she like?

Amy: She's young and polite. She's very pretty.

John: Is she strict?

Amy: Sometimes. But she's friendly.

Jon: It's time for the English class. Let's go to the classroom.

Amy: OK

(1)Amy will have a new English teacher today.

(2)Miss White is John's Chinese teacher.

(3)Miss White is friendly.

(4)It's time for the English class.

(5)John is young and polite.

【答案】 (1)1

(2)0

(3)1

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:艾米和约翰谈论新英语老师的样子。

(1)句意:艾米今天将有一位新的英语老师。根据 Amy: We will have a new English
teacher today. 可知艾米今天将有一位新的英语老师。故答案为正确。

(2)句意:怀特老师是约翰的语文老师。根据John: Really? Who's our new English
teacher?Amy: Miss White.可知怀特老师是约翰的英语老师。故答案为错误。

(3)句意:怀特老师很友好。根据 Amy: She's young and polite. She's very pretty. 可知怀特
老师很友好。故答案为正确。

(4)句意:是上英语课的时间了。根据 Jon: It's time for the English class. Let's go to the
classroom. 可知是上英语课的时间了。故答案为正确。

(5)句意:约翰年轻有礼貌。根据对话可知没有提到约翰的样子。故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。





小学5年级下册英语试题