外研版小学五年级下册英语阅读试题及答案解析

玛丽莲梦兔
902次浏览
2020年05月28日 13:00
最佳经验
本文由作者推荐
小学5年级下册英语试题


外研版小学五年级下册英语阅读试题及答案解析


一、阅读理解
1.阅读理解根据短文内容判断正误。

There are four seasons in a year in China. March, April and May make the spring season. June,
July and August make the summer season. September, October and November make the autumn
season. December, January and February make the winter season.

Near the North Pole(北极) there are only two seasons. They are winter and summer. The nights
in winter are very long. For more than two months you can't see the sun, even at noon. In summer
the days are long. For more than two months the sun never sets, and there is no night.

In the tropics(赤道) there are also two seasons: a rainy season and a

Season.

(1)There are four seasons in the North Pole.

(2)In China. October is in the autumn season.

(3)The sun never sets in North Pole.

(4)In the North Pole, the nights in winter are very long.

(5)There is no night in the North Pole for more than two months in Summer.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了中国的四季时间和南北极的两季。

(1)句意:北极有四个季节。根据Near the North Pole there are only two seasons. 可知北极
有二个季节。故答案为错误。

(2)句意:在中国,十月是秋天。根据September, October and November make the autumn
season.可知在中国十月是秋天。故答案为正确。

(3)句意:太阳从不落在北极。根据 In summer the days are long. 可知在北极夏天白天很
长。故答案为错误。

(4)句意:在北极,冬天的夜晚很长。根据 The nights in winter are very long. 可知在北
极,冬天的夜晚很长。故答案为正确。

(5)句意:在北极的夏季两个多月都没有夜晚。根据 In summer the days are long. For more
than two months the sun never sets, and there is no night. 可知在北极的夏季两个多月都没有夜
晚。故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。



2.阅读理解阅读理解

I am going to have a busy weekend! On Saturday, I'm going to clean my room and do
homework. Then, in the evening, I'm going to the supermarket with my mother. On Saturday, I'm


going to the bookstore on foot. I'm going to buy some books. Then, I'm going to go home and read
the new books. In the evening, I'm going to watch TV. That will be fun!

阅读短文判断正误

(1)On Saturday, I'm going to clean my room and do homework.

(2)I 'm going to the supermarket with my mother.

(3)I'm going to go to the library and read the new books.

(4)I'm going to play football on Saturday.

(5)I'm going to watch TV in the evening.

【答案】 (1)1

(2)1

(3)0

(4)0

(5)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了我周末都做了什么事情。

(1)句意:星期六,我要打扫房间,做家庭作业。根据 On Saturday, I'm going to clean my
room and do homework. 可知星期六,我要打扫房间做家庭作业。故答案为正确。

(2)句意:我要和妈妈一起去超市。根据 Then, in the evening, I'm going to the supermarket
with my mother. 可知我要和妈妈一起去超市,故答案为正确。

(3)句意:我要去图书馆读新书。根据 I'm going to buy some books. Then, I'm going to go
home and read the new books. 可知我去书店买一些书,然后回家看新书,故答案为错误。

(4)句意:星期六我要去踢足球。根据短文,可知星期六我没有去踢足球,故答案为错
误。

(5)句意:我晚上要看电视。根据 In the evening, I'm going to watch TV. 可知我晚上要看
电视,故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




3.阅读理解阅读理解

I have a little dog. Its name is Googlo. He is three years old. He has two big eyes. They're black.
He has one blue ear and one black ear. He is clever.

I like my Googlo. He likes playing with me. He can bark, jump and run. He can play football,
basketball and volleyball. He likes playing football very much. He likes some fruit, such as apples,
bananas, oranges, pears and watermelons. He enjoys his snacks.

阅读短文判断正误

(1)Googlo likes playing with me.

(2)Googlo can bark, swim and run.

(3)Googlo can play ping-pong, basketball and volleyball.

(4)Googlo likes some fruit.

(5)Googlo likes playing football very much.

【答案】 (1)1


(2)0

(3)0

(4)1

(5)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了小狗古格罗,它的年龄,样子,爱好。

(1)句意:古格罗喜欢和我玩。根据 I like my Googlo. He likes playing with me. 可知古格
罗喜欢和我玩,故答案为正确。

(2)句意:古格罗能叫,游泳和跑步。根据 He can bark, jump and run. 可知古格罗能叫,
跳和跑步,故答案为错误。

(3)句意:古格罗会打乒乓球、篮球和排球。根据 He can play football, basketball and
volleyball. 可知古格罗能踢足球、篮球和排球,故答案为错误。

(4)句意:古格罗喜欢吃水果。根据 He likes some fruit, such as apples, bananas, oranges,
pears and watermelons. 可知古格罗喜欢吃水果,故答案为正确。

(5)句意:古格罗非常喜欢踢足球。根据 He likes playing football very much. 可知古格罗
非常喜欢踢足球,故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




4.阅读理解读短文,判断下列句子是否正确。

Welcome to my room. It's small but nice. There is a clock on the wall. There is a bike near the
wall. There is a bed near the window. There are two desks and chairs beside the bed. There is a
water bottle in the room. There is a plant near the door. I like my room very much.

(1)My room isn't big.

(2)There is a bike near the window.

(3)The desks and chairs are beside the bed.

(4)There is a water bottle in the kitchen.

(5)There is a plant in front of the door.

【答案】 (1)1

(2)0

(3)1

(4)0

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了我的房间的样子。

(1)句意:我的房间不大。根据 Welcome to my room. It's small but nice. 可知我的房间不
大。故答案为正确。

(2)句意:窗户附近有一辆自行车。根据 There is a bike near the wall. 可知墙附近有一辆
自行车。故答案为错误。

(3)句意:桌椅在床旁边。根据 There are two desks and chairs beside the bed. 可知桌椅在
床旁边。故答案为正确。

(4)句意:厨房里有一个水瓶。根据 There is a water bottle in the room. 可知房间里有一个


水瓶。故答案为错误。

(5)句意:门前有一棵植物。根据 There is a plant near the door. 可知门附近有一棵植物。
故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




5.阅读理解读短文,判断下列句子是否正确。

This is Sarah's new home. There is a clock in the study. There is a plant in the living room.
There is a water bottle in the kitchen. There is a big bed, a photo and a lamp in the bedroom. Look,
the cat is on the bed now.

(1)The lamp is in the living room.

(2)There is a clock in the study.

(3)There is a water bottle in the kitchen.

(4)There is a photo in the study.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)1

(4)0

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了莎拉的新家的样子。

(1)句意:灯在客厅里。根据There is a big bed, a photo and a lamp in the bedroom. 可知灯
在卧室里。故答案为错误。

(2)句意:书房里有一个钟。根据 There is a clock in the study. 可知书房里有一个钟。故
答案为正确。

(3)句意:厨房里有一个水瓶。根据 here is a water bottle in the kitchen. 可知厨房里有一个
水瓶。故答案为正确。

(4)句意:书房里有一张照片。根据 There is a big bed, a photo and a lamp in the bedroom.
可知卧室里有一张照片。故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




6.阅读理解读对话,判断下列句子是否正确。

Sarah: Can you do any kung fu, John?

John: No, I can't.

Sarah: Can you make a puppet, John?

John: Sorry, I can't.

Sarah: Can you sing any Chinese songs, John?

John: No, I can't.

Sarah: What can you do, John?

John: I can speak English and sing English songs.

(1)John can do some kung fu.

(2)John can sing English songs.


(3)John can make a puppet.

(4)John can speak English.

(5)John can sing some Chinese songs.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:莎拉询问约翰是否会做某事。

(1)句意:约翰会功夫。根据Sarah: Can you do any kung fu, John?John: No, I can't.可知约
翰不会功夫。故答案为错误。

(2)句意:约翰会唱英文歌。根据 John: I can speak English and sing English songs. 可知约
翰会唱英文歌。故答案为正确。

(3)句意:约翰会做木偶。根据Sarah: Can you make a puppet, John?John: Sorry, I can't.可
知约翰不会做木偶。故答案为错误。

(4)句意:约翰会说英语。根据 John: I can speak English and sing English songs. 可知约翰
会说英语。故答案为正确。

(5)句意:约翰会唱一些中国歌曲。根据Sarah: Can you sing any Chinese songs, John?John:
No, I can't.可知约翰不会唱一些中国歌曲。故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译对话,然后根据对话内容,判断句子正确或错误。




7.阅读理解读短文,判断下列句子是否正确。

Hi, I'm Amy. I'm eleven years old. I can sing and dance. I can sing English songs, too. But I
can't do any kung fu. Today is Monday. We'll have an English party next Monday. Now, I'm
cleaning the classroom with my classmates.

(1)Amy is seven years old.

(2)Tomorrow is Tuesday.

(3)Amy can do some kung fu.

(4)Amy can sing English songs and dance.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了艾米十一岁,会跳舞和唱英文歌,不会功夫,下星期
一将举行一个英语晚会,现在她和同学们一起打扫教室。

(1)句意:艾米七岁了。根据 Hi, I'm Amy. I'm eleven years old. 可知艾十一岁了。故答案
为错误。

(2)句意:明天是星期二。根据 Today is Monday. 可知今天是星期一,明天是星期二。故
答案为正确。


(3)句意:艾米会功夫。根据 But I can't do any kung fu. 可知艾米不会功夫。故答案为错
误。

(4)句意:艾米会唱歌和跳舞。根据 I can sing and dance. 可知艾米会唱歌和跳舞。故答
案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




8.阅读理解读短文,判断下列句子与短文内容是否相符。

My name is Xiaoling. I have three meals in a day. I have bread, eggs and milk for breakfast at
home. I have a hamburger, French fries, fish, orange juice and coffee for lunch in my office. My
dessert is ice cream. In the restaurant I have my dinner. I like noodles, tomatoes, beef and salad.
My favourite drink is coffee.

(1)Xiaoling has three meals in a day.

(2)Xiaoling has bread, eggs and milk for breakfast in her office.

(3)Xiaoling has ice cream for her dessert.

(4)Xiaoling has noodles, tomatoes, beef and salad in the restaurant for dinner.

(5)Xiaoling's favourite drink is tea.

【答案】 (1)1

(2)0

(3)1

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了小玲一天吃三顿饭在哪里吃,吃什么。

(1)句意:小玲一天三餐。根据 My name is Xiaoling. I have three meals in a day. 可知小玲
一天三餐。故答案为正确。

(2)句意:小玲在办公室吃面包、鸡蛋和牛奶作为早餐。根据 I have bread, eggs and milk
for breakfast at home. 可知小玲在家里早餐吃面包、鸡蛋和牛奶。故答案为错误。

(3)句意:小玲的甜点是冰淇淋。根据 My dessert is ice cream. 可知小玲的甜点是冰淇
淋。故答案为正确。

(4)句意:小玲在餐厅吃面条、西红柿、牛肉和沙拉。根据 In the restaurant I have my
dinner. I like noodles, tomatoes, beef and salad. 可知小玲在餐厅吃面条、西红柿、牛肉和沙
拉。故答案为正确。

(5)句意:小玲最喜欢的饮料是茶。根据 My favourite drink is coffee. 可知小玲最喜欢的
饮料是咖啡。故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。





外研版小学五年级下册英语阅读试题及答案解析


一、阅读理解
1.阅读理解根据短文内容判断正误。

There are four seasons in a year in China. March, April and May make the spring season. June,
July and August make the summer season. September, October and November make the autumn
season. December, January and February make the winter season.

Near the North Pole(北极) there are only two seasons. They are winter and summer. The nights
in winter are very long. For more than two months you can't see the sun, even at noon. In summer
the days are long. For more than two months the sun never sets, and there is no night.

In the tropics(赤道) there are also two seasons: a rainy season and a

Season.

(1)There are four seasons in the North Pole.

(2)In China. October is in the autumn season.

(3)The sun never sets in North Pole.

(4)In the North Pole, the nights in winter are very long.

(5)There is no night in the North Pole for more than two months in Summer.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了中国的四季时间和南北极的两季。

(1)句意:北极有四个季节。根据Near the North Pole there are only two seasons. 可知北极
有二个季节。故答案为错误。

(2)句意:在中国,十月是秋天。根据September, October and November make the autumn
season.可知在中国十月是秋天。故答案为正确。

(3)句意:太阳从不落在北极。根据 In summer the days are long. 可知在北极夏天白天很
长。故答案为错误。

(4)句意:在北极,冬天的夜晚很长。根据 The nights in winter are very long. 可知在北
极,冬天的夜晚很长。故答案为正确。

(5)句意:在北极的夏季两个多月都没有夜晚。根据 In summer the days are long. For more
than two months the sun never sets, and there is no night. 可知在北极的夏季两个多月都没有夜
晚。故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。



2.阅读理解阅读理解

I am going to have a busy weekend! On Saturday, I'm going to clean my room and do
homework. Then, in the evening, I'm going to the supermarket with my mother. On Saturday, I'm


going to the bookstore on foot. I'm going to buy some books. Then, I'm going to go home and read
the new books. In the evening, I'm going to watch TV. That will be fun!

阅读短文判断正误

(1)On Saturday, I'm going to clean my room and do homework.

(2)I 'm going to the supermarket with my mother.

(3)I'm going to go to the library and read the new books.

(4)I'm going to play football on Saturday.

(5)I'm going to watch TV in the evening.

【答案】 (1)1

(2)1

(3)0

(4)0

(5)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了我周末都做了什么事情。

(1)句意:星期六,我要打扫房间,做家庭作业。根据 On Saturday, I'm going to clean my
room and do homework. 可知星期六,我要打扫房间做家庭作业。故答案为正确。

(2)句意:我要和妈妈一起去超市。根据 Then, in the evening, I'm going to the supermarket
with my mother. 可知我要和妈妈一起去超市,故答案为正确。

(3)句意:我要去图书馆读新书。根据 I'm going to buy some books. Then, I'm going to go
home and read the new books. 可知我去书店买一些书,然后回家看新书,故答案为错误。

(4)句意:星期六我要去踢足球。根据短文,可知星期六我没有去踢足球,故答案为错
误。

(5)句意:我晚上要看电视。根据 In the evening, I'm going to watch TV. 可知我晚上要看
电视,故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




3.阅读理解阅读理解

I have a little dog. Its name is Googlo. He is three years old. He has two big eyes. They're black.
He has one blue ear and one black ear. He is clever.

I like my Googlo. He likes playing with me. He can bark, jump and run. He can play football,
basketball and volleyball. He likes playing football very much. He likes some fruit, such as apples,
bananas, oranges, pears and watermelons. He enjoys his snacks.

阅读短文判断正误

(1)Googlo likes playing with me.

(2)Googlo can bark, swim and run.

(3)Googlo can play ping-pong, basketball and volleyball.

(4)Googlo likes some fruit.

(5)Googlo likes playing football very much.

【答案】 (1)1


(2)0

(3)0

(4)1

(5)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了小狗古格罗,它的年龄,样子,爱好。

(1)句意:古格罗喜欢和我玩。根据 I like my Googlo. He likes playing with me. 可知古格
罗喜欢和我玩,故答案为正确。

(2)句意:古格罗能叫,游泳和跑步。根据 He can bark, jump and run. 可知古格罗能叫,
跳和跑步,故答案为错误。

(3)句意:古格罗会打乒乓球、篮球和排球。根据 He can play football, basketball and
volleyball. 可知古格罗能踢足球、篮球和排球,故答案为错误。

(4)句意:古格罗喜欢吃水果。根据 He likes some fruit, such as apples, bananas, oranges,
pears and watermelons. 可知古格罗喜欢吃水果,故答案为正确。

(5)句意:古格罗非常喜欢踢足球。根据 He likes playing football very much. 可知古格罗
非常喜欢踢足球,故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




4.阅读理解读短文,判断下列句子是否正确。

Welcome to my room. It's small but nice. There is a clock on the wall. There is a bike near the
wall. There is a bed near the window. There are two desks and chairs beside the bed. There is a
water bottle in the room. There is a plant near the door. I like my room very much.

(1)My room isn't big.

(2)There is a bike near the window.

(3)The desks and chairs are beside the bed.

(4)There is a water bottle in the kitchen.

(5)There is a plant in front of the door.

【答案】 (1)1

(2)0

(3)1

(4)0

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了我的房间的样子。

(1)句意:我的房间不大。根据 Welcome to my room. It's small but nice. 可知我的房间不
大。故答案为正确。

(2)句意:窗户附近有一辆自行车。根据 There is a bike near the wall. 可知墙附近有一辆
自行车。故答案为错误。

(3)句意:桌椅在床旁边。根据 There are two desks and chairs beside the bed. 可知桌椅在
床旁边。故答案为正确。

(4)句意:厨房里有一个水瓶。根据 There is a water bottle in the room. 可知房间里有一个


水瓶。故答案为错误。

(5)句意:门前有一棵植物。根据 There is a plant near the door. 可知门附近有一棵植物。
故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




5.阅读理解读短文,判断下列句子是否正确。

This is Sarah's new home. There is a clock in the study. There is a plant in the living room.
There is a water bottle in the kitchen. There is a big bed, a photo and a lamp in the bedroom. Look,
the cat is on the bed now.

(1)The lamp is in the living room.

(2)There is a clock in the study.

(3)There is a water bottle in the kitchen.

(4)There is a photo in the study.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)1

(4)0

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了莎拉的新家的样子。

(1)句意:灯在客厅里。根据There is a big bed, a photo and a lamp in the bedroom. 可知灯
在卧室里。故答案为错误。

(2)句意:书房里有一个钟。根据 There is a clock in the study. 可知书房里有一个钟。故
答案为正确。

(3)句意:厨房里有一个水瓶。根据 here is a water bottle in the kitchen. 可知厨房里有一个
水瓶。故答案为正确。

(4)句意:书房里有一张照片。根据 There is a big bed, a photo and a lamp in the bedroom.
可知卧室里有一张照片。故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




6.阅读理解读对话,判断下列句子是否正确。

Sarah: Can you do any kung fu, John?

John: No, I can't.

Sarah: Can you make a puppet, John?

John: Sorry, I can't.

Sarah: Can you sing any Chinese songs, John?

John: No, I can't.

Sarah: What can you do, John?

John: I can speak English and sing English songs.

(1)John can do some kung fu.

(2)John can sing English songs.


(3)John can make a puppet.

(4)John can speak English.

(5)John can sing some Chinese songs.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:莎拉询问约翰是否会做某事。

(1)句意:约翰会功夫。根据Sarah: Can you do any kung fu, John?John: No, I can't.可知约
翰不会功夫。故答案为错误。

(2)句意:约翰会唱英文歌。根据 John: I can speak English and sing English songs. 可知约
翰会唱英文歌。故答案为正确。

(3)句意:约翰会做木偶。根据Sarah: Can you make a puppet, John?John: Sorry, I can't.可
知约翰不会做木偶。故答案为错误。

(4)句意:约翰会说英语。根据 John: I can speak English and sing English songs. 可知约翰
会说英语。故答案为正确。

(5)句意:约翰会唱一些中国歌曲。根据Sarah: Can you sing any Chinese songs, John?John:
No, I can't.可知约翰不会唱一些中国歌曲。故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译对话,然后根据对话内容,判断句子正确或错误。




7.阅读理解读短文,判断下列句子是否正确。

Hi, I'm Amy. I'm eleven years old. I can sing and dance. I can sing English songs, too. But I
can't do any kung fu. Today is Monday. We'll have an English party next Monday. Now, I'm
cleaning the classroom with my classmates.

(1)Amy is seven years old.

(2)Tomorrow is Tuesday.

(3)Amy can do some kung fu.

(4)Amy can sing English songs and dance.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了艾米十一岁,会跳舞和唱英文歌,不会功夫,下星期
一将举行一个英语晚会,现在她和同学们一起打扫教室。

(1)句意:艾米七岁了。根据 Hi, I'm Amy. I'm eleven years old. 可知艾十一岁了。故答案
为错误。

(2)句意:明天是星期二。根据 Today is Monday. 可知今天是星期一,明天是星期二。故
答案为正确。


(3)句意:艾米会功夫。根据 But I can't do any kung fu. 可知艾米不会功夫。故答案为错
误。

(4)句意:艾米会唱歌和跳舞。根据 I can sing and dance. 可知艾米会唱歌和跳舞。故答
案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




8.阅读理解读短文,判断下列句子与短文内容是否相符。

My name is Xiaoling. I have three meals in a day. I have bread, eggs and milk for breakfast at
home. I have a hamburger, French fries, fish, orange juice and coffee for lunch in my office. My
dessert is ice cream. In the restaurant I have my dinner. I like noodles, tomatoes, beef and salad.
My favourite drink is coffee.

(1)Xiaoling has three meals in a day.

(2)Xiaoling has bread, eggs and milk for breakfast in her office.

(3)Xiaoling has ice cream for her dessert.

(4)Xiaoling has noodles, tomatoes, beef and salad in the restaurant for dinner.

(5)Xiaoling's favourite drink is tea.

【答案】 (1)1

(2)0

(3)1

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了小玲一天吃三顿饭在哪里吃,吃什么。

(1)句意:小玲一天三餐。根据 My name is Xiaoling. I have three meals in a day. 可知小玲
一天三餐。故答案为正确。

(2)句意:小玲在办公室吃面包、鸡蛋和牛奶作为早餐。根据 I have bread, eggs and milk
for breakfast at home. 可知小玲在家里早餐吃面包、鸡蛋和牛奶。故答案为错误。

(3)句意:小玲的甜点是冰淇淋。根据 My dessert is ice cream. 可知小玲的甜点是冰淇
淋。故答案为正确。

(4)句意:小玲在餐厅吃面条、西红柿、牛肉和沙拉。根据 In the restaurant I have my
dinner. I like noodles, tomatoes, beef and salad. 可知小玲在餐厅吃面条、西红柿、牛肉和沙
拉。故答案为正确。

(5)句意:小玲最喜欢的饮料是茶。根据 My favourite drink is coffee. 可知小玲最喜欢的
饮料是咖啡。故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




小学5年级下册英语试题