人教pep小学五年级下册英语阅读试题及答案解析

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小学5年级下册英语试题


人教pep小学五年级下册英语阅读试题及答案解析


一、阅读理解
1.阅读理解根据短文内容选择合适的选项

A farmer is walking in the forest. He is very tired. So he has a nap under a tree. One of his shoes
is beside him. A monkey is picking up his shoe and climbing up the tree. The farmer wakes up, he
is shouting, 模仿)the farmer.
The farmer thinks, and then he has an idea. He is taking off his another shoe and throwing it away.
What's the monkey doing? Yes! He is throwing the shoe, too. Now the farmer is picking up his
two shoes quickly. He is laughing and singing,
What a funny monkey!

(1)The farmer is sleeping. One of his shoes is ______________.

A. in his hand B. beside him

(2)The farmer is sleeping. The monkey is ______________.

A. taking away his shoe B. sleeping

(3)The farmer is shouting. The monkey is ______________.

A. drinking B. shouting

(4)The farmer is throwing away his shoe. The monkey is ________.

A. laughing B. throwing away the shoe

(5)Is the monkey clever?

A. No, it isn't. B. Yes, it is

【答案】 (1)B

(2)A

(3)B

(4)B

(5)A

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了一个农民正在森林里散步,很累,在树下打了个盹,
他把一只鞋放在旁边。一只猴子捡走了鞋子,农夫醒了大喊,猴子也在叫喊,农民脱下另
一只鞋并扔掉,猴子也扔鞋子。农民很快就把他的两只鞋捡起来了。

(1)根据 So he has a nap under a tree. One of his shoes is beside him. 可知农夫正在睡觉。他
的一只鞋在他旁边。故答案为B.

(2)根据 A monkey is picking up his shoe and climbing up the tree. 可知农夫正在睡觉。猴子
正在拿走他的鞋子。故答案为A.

(3)根据 The farmer wakes up, he is shouting,
too. 可知农夫在喊。猴子在喊。故答案为B.

(4)根据 He is taking off his another shoe and throwing it away. What's the monkey doing? Yes!
He is throwing the shoe, too. 可知农夫正在扔掉他的鞋子。猴子正在扔掉鞋子。故答案为B.

(5)句意:孩子聪明吗?根据 What a naughty monkey! What a silly monkey! What a funny
monkey! 可知是否定回答。故答案为A.

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,首先通读短文,理解大意;其次阅读题干,根据题干信息


找出相关句进行选择。




2.阅读理解根据短文内容判断句子正误。

I'm John. Jack is my friend. He can play football well. It is winter now. I like making a
snowman with him. I can make a snowman well. Kenny is my little sister .She is watching TV
with mum in the warm room. I say to Kenny,


(1)Jack is John's brother.

(2)Jack can make a snowman well.

(3)John likes watching TV in the room.

(4)Kenny can't make a snowman.

(5)Kenny is John's sister.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)0

(3)0

(4)1

(5)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了约翰,他的朋友杰克和约翰的妹妹。

(1)句意:杰克是约翰的兄弟。根据 I'm John. Jack is my friend. 可知杰克是约翰的朋友,
故答案为错误。

(2)句意:杰克能很好地堆雪人。根据 I can make a snowman well. 可知约翰很会堆雪
人,故答案为错误。

(3)句意:约翰喜欢在房间里看电视。根据 I like watching TV in the room with mum. 可知
肯尼喜欢在房间里看电视,故答案为错误。

(4)句意:肯尼不会堆雪人。根据 Kenny says,
TV in the room with mum.可知肯尼不会堆雪人,故答案为正确。

(5)句意:肯尼是约翰的妹妹。根据 Kenny is my little sister . 可知肯尼是约翰的妹妹,故
答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




3.阅读理解阅读短文判断正误

Our classroom is bright and clean. But it is not big. There are twenty-three desks and chairs in it.
They are new. There's a big desk in front of the classroom. It's for our teachers. There are five
pictures on the right wall. There's a map of the world and a map of China on the left wall.

Near the window there's a bookshelf. There are many books on it. Our class-room is very nice.
We have lessons here. We like our classroom.

(1)In the living room there is a table and seven chairs.

(2)There are some pictures on the wall.


(3)There's a map of the world and a map of China on the right wall.

(4)There are twenty-three desks and chairs in it.

(5)Near the window there's a bookshelf.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)1

【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了我们的教室的样子。

(1)句意:客厅里有一张桌子和七把椅子。根据 Our classroom is bright and clean. But it is
not big. There are twenty-three desks and chairs in it. 可知教室里面有二十三张桌椅,故答案为
错误。

(2)句意:墙上有一些图片。根据 There are five pictures on the right wall. There's a map of
the world and a map of China on the left wall. 可知墙上有一些图片,故答案为正确。

(3)句意:右墙上有世界地图和中国地图。根据 There's a map of the world and a map of
China on the left wall. 可知左墙上有世界地图和中国地图,故答案为错误。

(4)句意:里面有二十三张桌椅。根据There are twenty-three desks and chairs in it. 可知里
面有二十三张桌椅,故答案为正确。

(5)句意:靠近窗户有一个书架。根据 Near the window there's a bookshelf. 可知靠近窗户
有一个书架,故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




4.阅读理解根据表格内容补全句子或对话

Last month, there was a one-hundred-metre race. Ten boys ran in the race. Here are their results:

NAMES

RESULTS

NAMES

RESULTS

Tom

Jack

Mike

Sam

Peter

14

15

14

14

15

Dick

Paul

Bob

Frank

15

14

14

15

Henry

15

(1)In this race, Dick was________.

(2)—Who was first in the race?

—________was first.

(3)Tom was________in the race.

(4)________was last in the race.

(5)Bob was________.

【答案】 (1)eighth

(2)Sam

(3)third


(4)Jack

(5)fourth

【解析】【分析】大意:上个月一场百米赛跑十个男孩的成绩名次表格。

(1)句意:在这次比赛中,迪克是……。根据表格,可知迪克是第八名, eighth第八 ,
故答案为 eighth .

(2)句意:—谁是比赛的第一名?—……是第一个。根据表格,可知山姆是第一, Sam
山姆 ,故答案为 Sam .

(3)句意:汤姆在比赛中名列……。根据表格,可知汤姆第三, third第三 ,故答案为
third .

(4)句意:……是比赛的最后一名。根据表格,可知杰克是比赛的最后一名, Jack杰
克 ,故答案为 Jack .

(5)句意:鲍勃名列……。根据表格,可知鲍勃名列第四, fourth 第四,故答案为
fourth .

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,首先通读对话和表格,理解大意;其次阅读题干,根据题
干信息写出恰当的单词填空。




5.阅读理解阅读理解,判断正误

Mike eats breakfast five times a week . He doesn't eat breakfast on Saturday and Sunday . He
washes the dishes twice a week . He washes them on Saturday and Sunday . He waters the plants
four times a week . He doesn't water them on Monday , Wednesday and Friday . He always sets
the table . He sets the table from Sunday to Saturday . He washes his dog once a week . He washes
it only on Saturday . He goes swimming twelve times a month . He swims on Monday ,
Wednesday and Friday . But he never cleans his room .

(1)Mike eats breakfast four times a week .

(2)Mike washes the dishes twice a week .

(3)Mike waters the plants five times a week .

(4)Mike always sets the table .

(5)Mike goes swimming ten times a month .

【答案】(1)0

(2)1

(3)0

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:讲述麦克的一周活动。

(1)根据 Mike eats breakfast five times a week可知麦克一周吃五次早餐。与题干信息four
times四次不符合。故选错误。

(2)根据He washes the dishes twice a week可知麦克一周洗碗两次。与题干信息符合。故
选正确。

(3)根据He waters the plants four times a week可知主人公麦克一周浇水四次。与题干信息


five times五次不符合。故选错误。

(4)根据He always sets the table麦克经常放桌子可知,与题干信息符合。故选正确。

(5)根据He goes swimming twelve times a month麦克一个月游泳12次可知,与题干信息
ten times十次不符。故选错误。

【点评】考查阅读理解。首先通读全文,理解大意。其次阅读问题,根据题干信息找出相
关句进行判断。


6.阅读理解阅读理解

Today is Sunday. It's sunny and warm. It's 9:00 in the morning. Everyone in my family is busy
now. Look! My father is working on the computer. My mother is washing the clothes. My sister is
drawing a picture. I'm doing my homework. This is a busy morning.

(1)What day is today?

A. Monday. B. Saturday. C. Sunday.

(2)What is my mother doing?

A. She is watching TV.

B. She is washing the clothes.

C. She is working on the computer.

(3)Is my sister playing with her toys?

A. Yes, she is. B. No, she isn't. C. Yes. I am.

(4)How's the weather?

A. Sunny and warm. B. Rainy. C. Windy and cold.

(5)Are they busy?

A. No, they aren't. B. Yes, they do. C. Yes, they are.

【答案】(1)C

(2)B

(3)B

(4)A

(5)C

【解析】【分析】大意:介绍一家人周日上午忙碌的活动。

(1)根据Today is Sunday.可知今天是周日。故选C。

(2)根据My mother is washing the clothes.可知我的妈妈正在洗衣服。故选B。

(3)根据My sister is drawing a picture可知我的姐妹正在画画。因此此句询问姐妹正在玩
她的玩具吗?要做出否定回答。故选B。

(4)根据 It's sunny and warm.可知天气是明媚并且暖和的。因此此句询问天气怎样?故选
A。

(5)根据This is a busy morning.这是一个忙碌的早餐可知,此处Are they busy要做出肯定
回答Yes,they are。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。首先通读全文,理解大意。其次阅读问题,根据题干相关信息找
出相关句进行正确的选择。


7.阅读理解短文阅读。 I have a dress. It's old and broken. I'd like a new one. Today is a fine
day. So I go to the clothes shop with my mother. We see many nice dresses and skirts. I want to
buy a red dress. But it is one hundred yuan. It is too expensive (昂贵的)! So I choose (选择) a
blue one. It's sixty-eight yuan and it fits (适合) me very well. My mother buys it for me. Then we
go home by taxi together.

(1)I'd like a new ________.

A. skirt B. dress C. sweater

(2)I go to the clothes shop with my ________.

A. sister B. father C. mother

(3)The ________ dress is too expensive.

A. red B. blue C. white

(4)The blue dress is ________ yuan.

A. 68 B. 100 C. 86

(5)We go home by ________.

A. bike B. bus C. taxi

【答案】(1)B

(2)C

(3)A

(4)A

(5)C

【解析】【分析】大意:讲诉主人公和妈妈一起购买新裙子。

(1)句意是我想要买条新裙子。根据I have a dress. It's old and broken. I'd like a new one. 可
知,主人公旧裙子破损了。想要买条新裙子。dress是裙子的含义。故选B。

(2)句意是我和妈妈一起去服装店了。根据So I go to the clothes shop with my mother. 可
知,主人公是和妈妈一起去的。故选C。

(3)句意是这件红色的裙子太贵了。根据I want to buy a red dress. But it is one hundred
yuan. It is too expensive (昂贵的)! 可知,主人公想买条红色的裙子,但是它太贵了。red是
形容词红色的。故选A。

(4)句意是蓝裙子是68元。根据So I choose (选择) a blue one. It's sixty-eight yuan and it
fits (适合) me very well.我选择蓝色的裙子。它是68元并且非常适合我。故选A。

(5)句意是我们坐出租车回家。根据Then we go home by taxi together.可知,主人公们是
坐出租车回家。故选C。

【点评】考查阅读理解。首先通读全文,理解大意。其次阅读问题,根据题干信息选择相
应的句子进行选择。


8.阅读理解读对话,判断下列句子是否正确。

Amy: Hi, Mike.

Mike: Hello, Amy.

Amy: Today is Sunday. Let's go to the park.

Mike: Wonderful! Is there a forest in the park?


Amy: Yes, there is. There is a river, too. There are many fish in the river.

Mike: Are there many animals in the forest?

Amy: Yes, there are. And there are many flowers in the forest.

Mike: Yeah! Let's go.

(1)There is a lake in the forest.

(2)There are many flowers in the forest.

(3)There are many animals in the park.

(4)There is a forest in the park.

(5)Tomorrow is Sunday.

【答案】 (1)0

(2)1

(3)1

(4)1

(5)0

【解析】【分析】大意:艾米和迈克星期天要去公园,谈论公园有什么。

(1)句意:森林里有一个湖。根据 There is a river, too. 可知森林里有一条河。故答案为错
误。

(2)句意:森林里有许多花。根据 And there are many flowers in the forest. 可知森林里有
许多花。故答案为正确。

(3)句意:公园里有许多动物。根据Mike: Are there many animals in the forest?Amy: Yes,
there are.可知公园里有许多动物。故答案为正确。

(4)句意:公园里有一片森林。根据Mike: Wonderful! Is there a forest in the park?Amy:
Yes, there is.可知公园里有一片森林。故答案为正确。

(5)句意:明天是星期天。根据 Today is Sunday. 可知今天是星期天。故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。




小学5年级下册英语试题